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Breast Cancer Treatment

Surgery is the main treatment of non metastatic breast cancer. An Oncosurgeon who  has done M.Ch is usually the best surgeon to treat breast cancer. M.Ch(cancer surgery) is done after M.S(General Surgery). Breast cancer is usually treated by surgery, medical Oncology (Chemotherapy and immunotherapy) and radiation therapy.

Dr Nitin Leekha has done M.Ch in oncosurgery and has been treating breast cancer for last many years. He has treatment thousands of women with all stages of breast cancer.

If the surgery is not done properly there can be increased recurrence and spread of tumor. Kindly do not resort to treatment from unqualified or poorly qualified surgeon.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer:

  1. Lump Formation: One of the most common early signs of breast cancer is the formation of a palpable lump or mass in the breast or underarm area.
  2. Changes in Breast Size or Shape: Unexplained changes in the size, shape, or appearance of the breast could indicate an underlying issue.
  3. Pain or Discomfort: While not always present, persistent pain or discomfort in the breast area should not be ignored.
  4. Skin Changes: Redness, dimpling, or other skin texture changes resembling an orange peel might be signs of advanced breast cancer.
  5. Nipple Abnormalities: Inverted nipples, spontaneous discharge, or changes in nipple texture should be evaluated by a medical professional.

Types of Breast Cancer:

  1. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This non-invasive cancer starts in the milk ducts and, if untreated, can progress to invasive cancer.
  2. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): The most common type, IDC begins in the milk ducts and can spread to nearby tissues in the breast.
  3. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): This cancer originates in the milk-producing glands and can also spread to other parts of the body.
  4. Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Characterized by the absence of estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 receptors, making it more challenging to treat.
  5. HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: This type tends to grow more rapidly and is fueled by excess HER2 protein production.

Treatment Options:

  1. Surgery: Lumpectomy and mastectomy are common surgical options, depending on the tumor size and stage.
  2. Radiation Therapy: Often used after surgery to target any remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence.
  3. Chemotherapy: Administered to destroy cancer cells throughout the body, which is crucial in cases of aggressive or advanced cancers.
  4. Hormone Therapy: Effective for hormone receptor-positive breast cancers, this treatment aims to block hormones that fuel cancer growth.
  5. Targeted Therapy: HER2-targeted drugs are used for HER2-positive cancers to inhibit the excessive protein’s effects.

Conclusion: Early detection and a solid understanding of breast cancer are vital for effective treatment. By recognizing symptoms, knowing the types, and being aware of available treatments, individuals can take charge of their health and work towards a better quality of life. Stay informed, spread awareness, and prioritize regular check-ups to combat breast cancer effectively.

Breast Cancer Guide: Symptoms, Types, and Treatments Learn about breast cancer symptoms, types, and cutting-edge treatments. Empower yourself to make informed decisions for your health.